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Clump-forming frost-hardy bamboos, found in temperate forest from 1,800-3,200m, up to 10m tall, with prominent cross-veins on the leaves, tall buds, and finely grooved culm internodes that are up to 50cm long. These bamboos are similar to Thamnocalamus species, but they have seven branches in the first year, two additional branches extending behind the new culm (fig. 16). The long finely grooved culm internodes are different to those of Thamnocalamus and Himalayacalamus species,  which  are shorter and smooth.  Culms  



are very similar to those of Cephalostachyum latifolium and also Ampelocalamus patellaris, but Borinda species have taller buds and cross-veined leaves. The rhizomes are less than 30cm long, shorter than those of the two temperate spreading genera Yushania and Sarocalamus, fig. 15. This allows tree regeneration by growth of seedlings between the clumps. The culms are flexible and easily split, and those of larger species are highly valued for weaving. Smaller species from high altitudes are deciduous.

[Home] [Key to Genera] [Identifying bamboos] [Dendrocalamus] [Bambusa] [Borinda] [grossa] [Cephalostachyum] [Ampelocalamus] [Thamnocalamus] [Drepanostachyum] [Himalayacalamus] [Chimonobambusa] [Melocanna] [Pseudostachyum] [Neomicrocalamus] [Yushania] [Sarocalamus]