Bamboo IdentificationHome

powered by FreeFind

Download for reading PDF documents
Latest Release! NetObjects Fusion 9

Bamboo publications by Chris Stapleton


 Publication by printing on paper was once considered the only effective means of distributing and publicising scientific results and knowledge for the benefit of mankind. Some consider this process to have now become excessively controlled by a profitable scientific publishing industry, which could even be exploiting scientists and restricting public access to scientific knowledge. Free online publication of books and articles (Open Access) is slowly becoming more common e.g. through the Biodiversity Heritage Library ‘Science has no borders’. It can greatly increase citation and consequently status, submissions, and advertising potential for journals, but reduces subscription income, requiring a new business model for publishers, reallocation of institutional journal subscription funds to open access publication fees, and a better solution for independent researchers.

In order to maximise access to publications resulting from my own research, which I consider should be global public goods, full, draft, or summary versions of most of my publications are reproduced here in PDF format. Much of the research was funded by international development or academic organisations in the hope that satisfactory dissemination of the results would be achieved. It should also be noted that under Article 17 of the Convention on Biological Diversity, effective data repatriation is an obligation after study of the plants of other countries, and making these publications available online is an attempt to live up to that expectation.

The publications are all still protected by copyright, and available only for personal ‘reasonable use’ under copyright law. Consider these as electronic reprints, or ‘Green OA self-archiving’.

  • PDF   link to full paper, in PDF format (drafts may differ slightly, eg in pagination)
  • Subs. link to article on another website, but subscription to online journal or payment required for full text


1. Bamboos in Koshi Zone, East Nepal. Nepal Forestry Tech. Info. Bull. 6: 12–14.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1982).

2.  Bamboo in East Nepal: Preliminary findings.  Forest Research & Information Centre

Report, Dept. of  Forests,  Kathmandu.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1982).

3.  Planting of large bamboos ‘bans’ by the traditional method Nepal Forestry Tech. Info.

Bull. 9: 15–17.


4.   Pipar Bamboos. Appendix  in Picozzi, N. An ecological survey of a proposed reserve

for Himalayan pheasants.  Institute of Terrestrial Ecology Project 839 Report. NERC, London.


5.   Noctuid shoot borers in Dendrocalamus and Bambusa species. Nepal Forestry Tech.

Info. Bull. 11: 26-31.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1985).   PDF

6.   Propagation of Bambusa and Dendrocalamus species by culm cuttings:

Preliminary practical recommendations. Forest Survey and Research Office Publication No. 44.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1986).  PDF

7.   Studies on vegetative propagation of Bambusa and Dendrocalamus species by culm

cuttings in Nepal.  In: A.N. Rao, G. Dhanarajan, C.B. Sastry (Eds.), Recent Research on Bamboos, pp. 146–153. Proceedings of IDRC conference,  Hangzhou, China, October 1985. IDRC, Ottawa.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1987).   Text of Proceedings online

8.   Bamboos. In: J. K. Jackson, Manual of Afforestation in Nepal: 199–214. Forestry

Research Project, Kathmandu.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1987).  PDF

9.   Bamboos. In: W. MEYER. Vegetative Soil Conservation Measures: A Field

Manual.  HMG/SATA TWP TANSEN   GTZ FB 121 PN:  76.2173.3  Helvetas.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1988).

10. Ecological problems in bamboo cultivation and indigenous technical solutions from

the Himalayas. Bamboo Journal 8: 100-109. Kyoto.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990).  PDF (Draft)

11. Bhutanese bamboos: A simple key and background information on the genera.

Tsenden (J. of Bhutan Forestry Dept.) Vol. 1 No. 1: 26-30.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990). PDF (Draft)

12. Subtribe Thamnocalaminae Keng: Vegetative branching patterns in the delineation

of the genera. Bamboo Research Scheme Report.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990).

13. Branching patterns and prophylls in the Thamnocalamus inflorescence. Bamboo

Research Scheme Report.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990).

14. Raising seedlings of the edible Himalayan bamboo Dendrocalamus hamiltonii.

Bamboo Research Scheme Report.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990).

15. Chirang Hill Irrigation Project: Identification of bamboos and potential for

incorporating the planting of bamboos into existing and possible activities. Bamboo Research Scheme Report.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1990). PDF

16. A morphological investigation of some Himalayan bamboos with an enumeration of

taxa in Nepal & Bhutan.   Ph.D. thesis, University of Aberdeen.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1991). PDF (Draft, text only)

17. New combination for a temperate Himalayan bamboo Bamboo Soc. (GB)

Newsletter 15: 6.

McCLINTOCK, D. & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1992).

18. Fargesia macclureana (new combination): A Tibetan bamboo in Europe. Bamboo

Soc.(GB) Newsletter 17: 17.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1993). PDF (Draft)

19. Comments on new names for Himalayan bamboos published by J.P. Demoly.

Bamboo Soc.(GB) Newsletter 17: 18.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1993). PDF

20. More on Himalayacalamus falconeri. Bamboo Soc.(GB) Newsletter 17: 19–20.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1993). PDF

21. Himalayacalamus hookerianus (a new combination) in flower in Edinburgh.

Bamboo Soc.(GB) Newsletter 17: 20-21.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1993). PDF

22. The blue-stemmed bamboo: Himalayacalamus hookerianus. The New Plantsman

1(1): 1-9.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994). PDF (Draft)

23. Bamboos of Nepal. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, for the Overseas Development

Administration. 66pp.; 160 ill.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994).  Basic PDF

24. Bamboos of Bhutan. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, for the Overseas Development

Administration. 64pp.; 150 ill.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994).

25. The bamboos of Nepal and Bhutan Part I:  Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Melocanna,

Cephalostachyum, Teinostachyum, and Pseudostachyum (Gramineae: Poaceae, Bambusoideae).  Edinb. J. Bot. 51(1): 1–32.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994). PDF

26. The bamboos of Nepal and Bhutan Part II: Arundinaria, Thamnocalamus, Borinda,

and Yushania (Gramineae: Poaceae, Bambusoideae).  Edinb. J. Bot. 51(2): 275–295.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994). PDF

27. The bamboos of Nepal and Bhutan Part III: Drepanostachyum, Himalayacalamus,

Ampelocalamus, Neomicrocalamus, and Chimonobambusa (Gramineae: Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Edinb. J. Bot. 51(3): 301-330.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994). PDF

28. Himalayan bamboo hunting. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 20: 14–24.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1994). PDF

29. Muriel Wilson’s bamboo. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 21: 10–20.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1995). PDF

30. Flowering of Fargesia nitida in the UK. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 22: 17–22.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1995). PDF.

31. The Fountain Bamboo - Fargesia nitida. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 24: 19–20.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1996). PDF.

32. Progress and prospects in genetic diversity studies on bamboo and its con-

servation. In Bamboo, People & the Environment 2: 23–44. Proceedings of the IVth International Bamboo Congress, Bali, May 1995. IDRC, Ottawa. 

STAPLETON, C. M. A. & Rao, V. R. (1996). Volume 2 text online

33. A new combination in Ampelocalamus (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 51

(4): 809–813.

LI, D.Z., & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1996). PDF (Draft)

34. Himalayan bamboo diversity and its conservation: a case study. In: G.S. Gujral & V.

Sharma (eds.). Changing perspectives of biodiversity status in the Himalayas:

39–42 British Council, New Delhi.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1996). PDF (Draft)

35. Identification of hardy bamboos. In: Crampton, D., Helliwell, D., Bell, M., Townsend,

R., Addington, P., & Stapleton, C. M. A. Bamboo: a guide to the plant and its cultivation in the British Isles. The Bamboo Society. Oxford.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1996). PDF (Draft)

36. A bamboo bridge between China and the West. China Review 5(3): 34–37.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., & RENVOIZE, S.A. (1996).

37. Comments on proposal to conserve Sinarundinaria Nakai with a conserved type

species and a conserved type specimen. Submitted to IAPT Committee for Spermatophyta 16/12/1996, unpublished. 


38. Morphology of woody bamboos. In Chapman, G. P.  (ed.), The Bamboos: 251–267.

Academic Press.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF (Draft)

39. A new combination in Bambusa (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 52(1):


STAPLETON, C. M. A., & XIA, N. H. (1997). PDF (Draft)

40. A new combination in Dendrocalamus (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 52

(2): 483–485.

XIA, N.H. & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF (Draft)

41. A new combination in Cephalostachyum with notes on names in Neomicrocalamus

(Gramineae–Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 52(3): 699–702.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., LI, D.-Z., &  XUE, J.-R. (1997). PDF (Draft)

42. Just when you thought it was safe to get back in the water - Comments on a

proposal by D.-Z. Li to conserve Sinarundinaria. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 26: 25 – 26.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF.

43. The Good Luck or Fortune-inviting Bamboo, Shibataea kumasaca (Steud) Makino

ex Nakai: a discussion of the correct botanical name. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 27: 32 – 37.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF

44. Bamboo and Cane Study of Zhemgang Dzongkhag. Ministry of Agriculture, Royal

Govnt. of Bhutan, Thimphu.


45. Review of Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae Tomus 9(1)  (Chinese). Bamboo

Soc. (GB) Newsletter 26: 35–36.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF (Draft)

46. Typification of Bambusa bambos (Gramineae, Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 52(3):


XIA, N. H. & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1997). PDF (Draft)

47. New combinations in Borinda (Gramineae–Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 53:  453–459.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1998). PDF (Draft)

48. Form and function in the bamboo rhizome. J. Amer. Bamboo Soc.12(1): 21–29.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1998). PDF (Draft)

49. (1366) Proposal to conserve the name Thyrsostachys siamensis Gamble

against the name Thyrsostachys regia (Munro) Bennet (Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Taxon 47(3): 739–740.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1998). PDF (Draft)

50. Nomenclatuur van Pleioblastus viridistriatus/auricomus. Nieusbrief European

Bamboo Society Afdeling Nederland 8(4): 11–14 (Dutch).

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1998). PDF (Draft in Dutch);   PDF (English original)

51. A new record for Bhutan and Sikkim–Yushania yadongensis (Poaceae). Edinburgh

J. Bot. 56(1): 149–150.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1999). PDF (Draft)

52. Bambusa fortunei and Bambusa variegata: competing basionyms for the white

-variegated dwarf leptomorph bamboo currently placed in Arundinaria, Pleioblastus, or Sasa. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter 31: 36–40.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1999). PDF (Draft)

53. Yushania vs Sinarundinaria: good news and bad. Bamboo Soc. (GB) Newsletter

31: 42–43.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1999). PDF (Draft)

54. Bamboo data sheets. In: The Forestry Compendium (Module1) [CD-ROM]. CAB


STAPLETON, C. M. A. & DRANSFIELD, S. (1999). Compendium Website

55. Sino-Himalayan bamboos on the US West Coast. Amer. Bamboo Soc. Newsl. 20

(6): 1–6.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (1999). PDF (Draft)

56. Typification of Indocalamus tessellatus, Phyllostachys bambusoides var.

albomarginata, Sasa veitchii, and the genus Sasa. Taxon 49(2): 235–238; edited version  and Erratum in Taxon 49(3): 631.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000).  PDF (Draft) with image of type

57. Bambuseae. In: H. J. Noltie, The Grasses of Bhutan Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 482–

515, with 97 illustrations. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh & Royal Government of Bhutan.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000). PDF (Draft)

58. Typification of  the genus Sasamorpha. Taxon 49: 545–6.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000). PDF (Draft)

59. A comparison of ITS rDNA sequence data and AFLP markers for phylogenetic

studies in Phyllostachys (Bambusoideae, Poaceae). J. Plant Res. 113: 259–269. (Winner of Journal of Plant Research Best Paper Award 2001).

HODKINSON, T. R., RENVOIZE, S. A., CHONGHAILE, G., STAPLETON, C. M. A., & CHASE, M. (2000). Abstract (PDF); Subs.

60. New half-hardy bamboos from the Sino-Himalayan region. Amer. Bamboo Soc.

 Newsl. 21 (4): 16–21, with Bor biography.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000). PDF (Draft)

61. Report of the IFAD Reconnaissance Mission: Forestry Development in the North

Eastern Region, Meghalaya, India, November – December 2000. IFAD, Rome.

KAUKINEN, A.-L., HALDIN, G., & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000). Summary

62. IFAD Reconnaissance Mission North East India Forestry Project November/

 December 2000: Bamboos and Canes.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2000). PDF (Draft)

63. New combination arising from the publication of a new name for Himalayacalamus

intermedius Bol. Bamboo 22(2): 6–7.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2001). PDF (Draft)

64. Proposal to conserve the name Bambusa viridistriata Siebold ex André (Poaceae,

Bambusoideae). Taxon 50(3): 911–913.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. & RENVOIZE, S. A. (2001). PDF (Draft)

65. Bambusa ventricosa versus Bambusa tuldoides. Bamboo 23: 17–18.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2002). PDF (Draft)

66. Bamboo Biodiversity: Information for planning conservation and management in the

Asia-Pacific Region. UNEP-WCMC/INBAR, Cambridge. (2003)

BYSTRIAKOVA, N., KAPOS, V., STAPLETON, C., & LYSENKO, I. PDF (; PDF (no maps, small size)

67. Distribution and conservation status of forest bamboo biodiversity in the Asia-Pacific

Region. Biodiversity and Conservation 12(9): 1833–1841.

BYSTRIAKOVA, N., KAPOS, V., LYSENKO, I. & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2003). PDF (Abstract)Subs.

68. Proposal to limit the scope of Recommendation 60C.2. Taxon 52: 635.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2003). PDF (Taxon website)

69. Qiongzhuea and Dendrocalamopsis (Poaceae-Bambusoideae): publication by

descriptio generico-specifico and typification.  Taxon 53: 526-528

STAPLETON, C. M. A., & XIA, N.H. (2004).  PDF Draft    PDF Subs.

70. Sarocalamus, a new Sino-Himalayan bamboo genus (Poaceae–Bambusoideae).

Novon 14: 345–349.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., Ní CHONGHAILE, G. & HODKINSON, T. R. (2004). Online at BHL, PDF

71. Contributions on bamboos. In: J. Marinelli (Ed.). Plant. Dorling Kindersley, London.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2004).

72. New combinations for Chinese bamboos (Poaceae, Bambuseae). Novon 15(4):


STAPLETON, C. M. A., LI, D. Z., & XIA, N. H. (2005). PDF

73. Relationships between Bambusa species (Poaceae, Bambusoideae) revealed by

random amplified polymorphic DNA. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 34(5): 417–423.

SUN, Y, XIA, N. H, & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006). Abstract;   PDF (Subs.)

74. Proposal to conserve the name Arundinaria murielae Gamble against A. sparsiflora

(Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Taxon 55(1): 231–232.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006). PDF (Taxon website)

75. Bambuseae. In: Flora of China, 22. Poaceae: 7–180. Science Press, Beijing &

Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

LI, D. Z., WANG, Z. P., ZHU, Z. D., XIA, N. H., JIA, L. Z., GUO, Z. H., YANG, G. Y.; & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006). In WU, Z. Y., RAVEN, P. H. & HONG, D. Y. (eds.) (2006). Online;  PDF

76. New taxa and combinations in cultivated bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). Sida

22 (1): 331–332.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006).  PDFBiodiversity Heritage Librar)

77. The identity of an endemic Tibetan bamboo, Arundinaria macclureana

(Gramineae:Bambusoideae). Acta Bot. Yunnan. 28 (2): 115–118.

LI, DE-ZHU ( 李德欞 ), CLARK, L. G., & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006). PDF (at KIB)

78. Drepanostachyum falcatum var. sengteeanum: Identity and origins (Poaceae:

Bambusoideae). Sida 22 (2): 1081–1086.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2006). PDF Biodiversity Heritage Library

79. Bambuseae. In: Flora of North America 24: 15–29. Oxford University Press.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., BARKWORTH, M. E., CLARK, L. G. & TRIPLETT, J. K. (2007) In BARKWORTH, M. E., CAPELS, K. M., LONG, S., ANDERTON, L. K. & PIEP, M. P. (eds.) (2007)

Online (only the 4 naturalized genera from the 24 genera in FNA)

80. New names for bamboos of Nepal (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). J. Bot. Res. Inst.

Texas 1(1): 135–142.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2007). Biodiversity Heritage Library  

81. Dendrocalamus khoonmengii, a new bamboo species (Poaceae: Bambusoideae).

from peninsular Thailand. Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 35: 98–102.

SUNKAEW, S., TEERAWATANONON, A., PARNELL, J. A. N., DRANSFIELD, S., STAPLETON, C. M. A., & HODKINSON, T. R. (2007). PDF of V35 - large file! (Forest Herbarium website )

82. Non-monophyly of the woody bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae): a multi-gene

region phylogenetic analysis of Bambusoideae s.s. J. Plant Res. 122: 95–108.


PDF (Springer website)

83. Phuphanochloa, a new bamboo genus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) from Thailand.

Kew Bull., 63(4): 669-673.

SUNGKAEW, S., TEERAWATANANON, A., PARNELL, J. A. N., STAPLETON, C. M. A., HODKINSON, T. R. (2009).  Subs (Springer website- page 1 free)

84. Molecular phylogeny of Asian woody bamboos: Review for the Flora of China.

Bamboo Science & Culture, J. Amer. Bamboo Soc. 22(1): 5–25.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., HODKINSON, T. R., & Ní CHONGHAILE, G. (2009).  PDF of full text

85. Phylogenetics of Dendrocalamus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae, Bambuseae,

Bambusinae) and its related genera based on combined multi-gene analyses. In: Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons: 497–510. (Ed. O. Seberg, G. Petersen, A. S. Barfod, J. I. Davis). Aarhus University Press, Denmark.


86. Phylogenetic analyses of plastid and nuclear DNA sequences indicate a rapid late

Miocene radiation of the temperate bamboo tribe Arundinarieae (Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Plant Ecology & Diversity 3(2): 109–120.

HODKINSON, T. R., Ní CHONGHAILE, G., SUNKAEW, S., CHASE, M. W., SALAMIN, N., & STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2010). Taylor & Francis website

87. An updated tribal and subtribal classification for the Bambusoideae (Poaceae).

Pp. 3-27 in Gielis, J. and G. Potters (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th World Bamboo Congress, 10-12 April 2012, Antwerp, Belgium.

Bamboo Phylogeny Group (2012). abridged in Bamboo Science & Culture 24(1): 1-10.

88. Higher level phylogenetic relationships within the bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoi-

-deae) based on five plastid markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67 (2): 404–413.

Bamboo Phylogeny Group (2013). Science Direct website

89. Bergbambos and Oldeania, new genera of African bamboos (Poaceae,

Bambusoideae). PhytoKeys 25: 87–103

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (2013). PDF,   Online

90. Neo- and epitypification of Arundinaria nitida (Poaceae, Bambusoideae).

Taxon 64 (2):  .

STAPLETON, Chris & ZIJLSTRA, Gea (2015).

Online pre-publication DOI: (Subs.)







Submitted, not yet published:





In preparation:   



1. Lectotypification of Bambusa pygmaea Miq. and Bambusa disticha

Mitford (Poaceae-Bambusoideae).

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (200-). PDF (Draft)

2. Bamboos & Canes of Bhutan.

STAPLETON, C. M. A., BARROW, S., & PRADHAN, R. (200-).

3. Branching patterns in temperate bamboos.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (200-).    Please request password  for PDF (Draft)

4. Squirrel damage to bamboo shoots.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (200-). PDF (Draft)

5. Cephalostachyum capitatum var. decompositum Gamble (Poaceae-Bambuseae):

separation, lectotypification, and conservation status.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (200-). PDF (Draft)

6. (***–***) Proposal to amend Article 33 to explicitly include generic names with

presumed basionyms. Was under consideration for Taxon but not sure if still relevant.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (201-). PDF

7. Bambuseae. Account for: Flora of N. America & Manual of Grasses for North

America. Utah State University. (Draft full version - 24 genera, 84 spp)


8. (***–***) Proposal to conserve the name Yushania elegans (Kurz) R. B. Majumdar

with a conserved type (Poaceae, Bambusoideae).

STAPLETON, C. M. A., & MAO, A. A. (200-)

9. Bamboos of Nepal Edition 2.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. (200-).






[Home] [Introduction] [Background] [Identification] [Cultivated Bamboos] [Morphology] [Classification] [Nomenclature] [Origins] [Pests] [Author] [Publications]